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Where Bermuda Grass Grows Best
Bermudagrass grows best on heavy to light soils with good fertility and
to establish during hot summer months you will need irrigation.
Bermuda grass can also be grown in deeper sandy soils than most grass types.
It grows well all
across the temperate areas (warm season) with plenty of sunshine and higher temperatures.
Bermuda grass is a good choice for drought prone and coastal areas.
Cold Tolerant Bermuda Grass
The northern part of red states on the map above are the colder areas where improved bermuda grass varieties will survive.
Improved varieties with better
cold tolerance than basic
common bermuda types should be
used in areas including
Oklahoma, N. Texas, N. Arkansas,
Tennessee, NC and Virginia.
Varieties with higher cold
tolerance (ability to survive
lower temps with less damage)
include Yukon, Mohawk, and Riviera. Bermuda grass blends that are cold tolerant include LaPrima and LaPrima XD.
Adaptation: This perennial warm season
tropical grass is probably one of the most versatile grasses now grown from the tropics
throughout the temperate zone. Originating in Asia and/or Africa and used
only for pastures in the beginning, Bermuda grass has been adapted by man for some of the most
elite purposes such as athletics fields and golf courses world wide. Science has developed
this southern grass species as close to northern bent grass as possible and is still
improving upon the varieties almost seasonally.
Some hybrid varieties, bermuda grass plugs, sprigs or sod provide a slightly increased cold hardiness range of adaptation
than seeded varieties. Seedland sells cold tolerant Bermuda Grass Plugs
with the variety Celebration being the most cold tolerant.
Once adapted only to vegetative plantings,
the newer seeded varieties are vying for better positions on the lawns of the world.
These newer adaptations allow Bermuda grass to grow further north and
have been selected for better drought tolerance than the older more common variety. The blade texture has
been adapted to finer, thinner blades more in common with the northern grasses. Adaptation
to salt spray adds to the popularity as a coastal grass.
Bermuda is usually not as disease or
insect plagued as St. Augustine. The adaptability of being grown by home
owners from seed has added to it's acceptance as a grass of choice.
Bermudagrass is also adaptive to areas of
potential flooding. Although this is not a water loving grass to the extent that other warm season
grasses may be, it can take getting wet short periods of time; when the period of flooding
is over and the land returns to the degree of drainage as before, Bermuda
quickly. This does not mean heavy flooding that stays for an
extended length of time. All
grasses will die when oxygen is cut off except those adapted to grow in the water.
Bermuda Pasture Grass
As one of the original grass types introduced to the "New World",
Bermuda Grass is still used today in pasture, forage and hay fields worldwide. With the advent of improved Bermuda Grass seed, it has become more popular and economical for
pastures to be seeded. Improved Bermuda Grass varieties for pasture include Cheyenne II, Common Bermuda Grass is still very popular because of the low cost and ease of seeding. As
is true in
the lawn grasses there are improved varieties available in seed form that produce more
forage than the common Bermudagrass.
Bermuda Grass is considered to be invasive and called a 'weed' in some locales so care should be taken when planting this grass.
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